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Nutrition and Diet

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Nutrition and Diet

In order to eat healthy, the human body needs many nutrients. Eating randomly just to fill the stomach and suppress the sense of hunger causes an unbalanced and unhealthy diet, which causes many ailments. Not taking some nutrients at all or taking them insufficiently can cause a lack of vitamins and minerals that the body needs, causing many different ailments, as well as consuming some foods excessively and unbalancedly can cause excessive weight and organ fatness. You can get help from an expert dietitian to feed a healthy and balanced diet and request the creation of an appropriate diet plan for your own metabolism.

What is Diet?

It is a healthy nutrition program specially prepared for you by professional dietitians according to your body type and needs so that you do not risk your health by consuming less or more of the foods you consume in daily life. In general, after determining your ideal weight by calculating the body mass index according to gender, age and weight criteria, a diet list is created for you to consume the nutrients you need. Your dietitian may request different tests and analyzes when he deems it necessary. At this point, when meeting with your dietitian, it is useful to specify the foods that you can never give up on eating. While adding indispensable foods for you to your diet list, some foods are removed from the list so that you can have a correct and balanced diet. Contrary to popular belief, dieting is not being hungry, but having a healthy body by constantly and balanced nutrition with intermediate foods.

Who Is a Dietitian?

People who graduate from the 4-year nutrition and dietetics department of universities are called dietitians. Dietitians are not only interested in gaining and losing weight, but also examine the effects of nutrients on the human body. It can develop diet products by making nutrient analysis or prepare a diet program in accordance with the diseases of the people.

Healthy Weight Loss

In order not to lose your health while losing your excess weight, you need to follow the diet lists prepared with a dietitian. Incorrect programs applied with hearsay information can cause many health problems. To lose weight in a healthy way, you should pay attention to the following steps:

  • The diet list should be prepared individually by a dietitian.

  • The diet program should be constantly updated by the dietitian.

  • Shock diets should be avoided.

  • No main meals and snacks should be skipped in the personalized program.

  • Exercise programs applied together with diet help to lose weight faster and healthier.

Personalized Nutrition Plan

Diet lists that are useful to someone else will not weaken you, and may also cause muscle loss as your body will be deprived of the nutrients it needs. Each diet is specially prepared by a professional dietitian according to the person's own body characteristics. Thus, you can control your weight in a healthy way. These lists are prepared with your body and personal demands in mind.

Childhood Nutrition

A balanced and healthy diet is extremely important for growing children. Ensuring the growth and development of children and maintaining these habits is ensured by their protection from diseases such as hypercholesterolemia and type 2 diabetes. It is highly inconvenient for children to provide the high energy they need from foods and beverages that are high in calories. Consumption of carbonated beverages as well as fast food foods also paves the way for possible health problems. A healthy and balanced diet of growing children is important for their mental and physical development. Children's height and weight should be checked at regular intervals and it should be checked whether they are in the right percentile for their age range.  

Nutrition During Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Foods consumed during pregnancy are important for the development of the baby. Although it is normal to gain 9-12 kg during this period, expectant mothers who start pregnancy above their normal weight should be more careful. However, trying to lose weight in this process is not the right behavior. Asking your dietitian to create a special program for you to eat healthy and adequate is healthier for you and your baby.

All three months of pregnancy are called trimesters and the type of nutrition is different for each of the three periods. In general, it is normal not to gain weight in the first 3 months of pregnancy, in the first trimester. With a proper nutrition program prepared by your dietitian, you can prevent weight gain during this period. In the second trimester, with the development of the baby, the needs of the expectant mother change and additional calorie needs arise. During this period, fat storage in the body is considered a healthy state. Weight gain continues in the third trimester, that is, in the last period of pregnancy. This is the period in which the baby grows and develops the fastest in the womb. With the right nutrition program, all the needs of the baby and the mother are met in a healthy way.  Pregnancy  During this period, your dietitian changes the nutrition program, allowing the necessary nutrients and calories to be taken, while preventing unnecessary weight gain.

Diabetes Nutrition

Type 1 diabetes is diabetes that occurs mostly in childhood and adolescence. In addition to adequate and balanced nutrition, physical activity is also important. If you have this disease, it is important to learn from your dietitian how you should eat a balanced and correct diet in order to be healthy and increase your quality of life. In type 2 diabetes, the diets of people with and without weight problems are prepared individually by a dietitian. Protein, carbohydrate and fat requirements are planned according to the needs of the body and the appropriate program is created.

Weight Gain Plans for Underweight People

Being underweight and not gaining weight are also harmful to health. Sugar and carbohydrate intake, which is unconsciously applied to gain weight, is not healthy. It is important to get professional help from a dietitian and to follow the prepared program regularly in the process that can extend to reduction of muscle and bone density and organ damage. Generally, the following methods help to gain weight:

  • Increasing the number of meals to eat more often and balanced.

  • Not drinking liquids before and during meals.

  • Consuming dried fruit.

  • Adding additional nutrients such as walnuts, olives and cheese to the salad.

Special Nutrition for Stomach and Intestinal Patients

Healthy nutrition, which is among the sine qua non of a healthy life, plays a major role in the prevention or treatment of acute and chronic stomach and intestinal diseases. Your dietitian prepares a nutrition program for stomach disorders such as indigestion, gastritis, ulcers, or intestinal disorders such as colitis, diarrhea and malabsorption, by determining the types of foods you should and should not consume. It makes you aware of how these foods should be consumed and what you should and shouldn't do after consuming them.

Inpatient Nutrition and Diet Services

Dietary services applied to patients hospitalized for different reasons are applied by a dietitian upon the request of the physician. Nutrition programs that are specially prepared according to the disease, gender, age and body structure of the person help the treatment. During the routine controls, the nutrition program is changed and rearranged, and the patient is followed up under the control of a dietitian during his hospitalization and the patient is informed. When the patient is discharged, a suitable diet program is given to the patient and followed up.

A balanced and healthy diet is effective in protecting the body health of people of all ages and preventing possible diseases. Thanks to the nutrition programs specially prepared by professional dietitians, all the nutrients the body needs are taken and unnecessary fat storage is prevented. In order to lead a healthy life and eat well, do not forget to have your check-ups at regular intervals.

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